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How Young Readers Become Authors

Many decades ago, Julio Cortázar posed a dichotomy between the passive reader (“the one who does not want problems but solutions, or false other people’s problems that allow him to suffer comfortably seated in his armchair, without committing himself to the drama that should also be his”) and the active reader or reader-accomplice, the one who can become a co-participant of the same experience through which the novelist passes. His work, “Rayuela”, is precisely an experiment in involving the reader, in constructing the story as it is narrated. Perhaps Cortázar, who is thus considered a precursor of hypertextual narrative and so-called “cyberliterature”, would have been an avid fanfiction reader.

Fanfiction is both a mobilizing force of popular culture and a kind of underground cult. A legitimate heir to the culture of remix, fanfiction is created by readers and spectators who are not satisfied with just consuming culture, but want to participate in it, create it, recreate it, change it. Millions of stories are published each month in huge repositories to be read by millions of other fans. The phenomenon can hardly be considered as something new: the fanfiction as we know it today began at the time of the Star Trek fanzines, and from those times there was a strong queer component within their stories, bringing Mr. Spock into Captain Kirk’s arms.

However, from that early Trekker fanatic era, fanfiction communities formed a minor component of the science fiction fan community, and were treated with condescension. Fanfiction was considered a predominantly feminine pastime: while men become more involved in what is called “healing fandom” (collecting figures, discussing in Reddit who is the best Doctor in Doctor Who), women predominantly devote their time to “transformative”: creating stories where Hermione Granger is black and Sherlock Holmes has an affair with Watson. Some believe that the dominance of women and the queer community in fanfiction is easily explained by understanding that by not being represented equally in culture and the media, fanfiction is a way of attacking the status quo, changing it. It was here that the Internet signified a revolution: becoming more horizontal and democratic, the huge fanfiction communities could no longer be ignored. Many of the great story ideas come from this underrepresentation in mainstream media and thus the birth of fanfiction.

However, beyond the rest of common viewers, fanfiction tends to inconvenience authors, actors and producers, who are not yet accustomed to the fact that in a hyperconnected world, a work of fiction ceases to belong to them at the moment it is published. Some authors, such as George R.R. Martin, have protested against these acts of appropriation and have asked their fans to refrain from carrying them out. There are countless cases of requests to remove content for intellectual property claims. Others, like J.K. Rowling, see no problem in the creation of derivative fiction by fans with large Harry Potter fanfiction libraries across various fan sites. After all, the history of literature is a history of cultural appropriation, without which we would not have virtually everything we consider classic today, including the works of Shakespeare. Many are even bringing more formal writing styles and tools to the world of fanfiction and tackling even more obscure fandoms from Pixelface to Princess Sarah.

Although many claim that fanfiction works are protected by the fair use clause in U.S. law, many authors choose to change character names before publishing them, just as E did. L. James in publishing “50 Shades of Grey,” a fanfiction based on Stephenie Meyer’s (equally terrible and equally successful) “Twilight. Twilight, in turn, is inspired by Jane Austen’s great classic novel “Pride and Prejudice,” which if anything is missing are re-imagined versions, from “Bridget Jones’ Diary” and “You Have an Email” to that new classic (?) called “Pride, Prejudice and Zombies. The most recent movie called ‘After’ was originally a fanfiction piece on Wattpad that got adapted.

Regardless of what intellectual property law says, it is no longer possible to expect today’s viewers and readers to passively consume the cultural content delivered to them: there is an immense community of people determined to enrich culture with the fruits of their imagination, and that impulse to tell stories is as old as humanity itself.

Why Personal Queries Work Best (and How to Write Them)

When it comes to writing a query letter, you definitely want to make it personal. That means that you address it to the right person and that you get their department right as well as additional details like the spelling of their name, their title and more. Most people who send in an entire manuscript are not aware that the need to take this extra step. In fact, because of the way publishing works, it can seem even counterintuitive to take this additional step. Some writers think that not addressing it to anyone willing sure that it gets looked at by his many people as possible while addressing it to only one person means there is only one chance for rejection. However, that’s not the case at all even with full manuscript submission.

To understand why that is the case, you have to be aware of how the traditional publishing industry works. Manuscripts and query letters either come in one of two ways. They come in through an agent and are sent specifically to the editor that the agent normally works with on books of that nature or they are sent in unsolicited and added to what is called the slush pile. There may be multiple slush piles within a publishing organization. The editor that handles the specific type of book that you have written or are pitching may have their own slush pile that is a great deal smaller than the general one that looks going when they are not addressed anyone in particular.

But you’re not sending in an entire manuscript. You’re sending in a query letter. That means that the odds are pretty good that it will go to the person that you address it to. Some publishing houses still have query letters go to a slush pile to be thinned out before they are sent to editors but many do not.

So, you definitely want to look up the staff of the publishing house that you are submitting to. Find out who handles the type of book that you have written. Then compose a great query letter and include the person’s name, title, address and all of the other information. Make sure you also include why you chose them to send it to so that they know you did your research. If there is more than one person that handles your types of books, only send it to one of them.

The same goes for agents by the way. You want to carefully research agents until you find the perfect agent that handles the type of book that you have written and you think will really enjoy yours. There is a Twitter hashtag called #MSWL that you may want to browse from time to time when you’re looking at agents and editors. It stands for manuscript wish list and it can tell you in real time what kind of manuscripts agents and editors of publishing houses are looking for.

For more information on how to write a query letter, check out Reedsy’s article.

How to Know if You Should Write a Memoir

How to Know if You Should Write a Memoir

There are a lot of people out there that are thinking about writing a memoir. But most people will never be able to get theirs published. There is not a huge market for memoirs and most people simply do not read very many of them unless they have wide market appeal. If you have been thinking about writing a memoir, but aren’t sure if you should or not, here are some questions that you can ask yourself that will allow you to get a better idea as to the marketability of your memoir.

Is Your Life Unique?

One of the questions that you should ask is whether your life is unique enough to write a memoir. Everyone thinks that their story is worth telling. But the truth is, our own lives are much more interesting to us than they are to other people. You may have done some pretty interesting things in your life, and you may think that they are unique, but compare them with other people and try to determine whether they are unique enough to write a memoir about them.

Do You Have a Perspective No One Else Does?

You should write a memoir only if you have a perspective that no one else does. If someone else can write the same story better than you can, then you may want to leave it for them. Of course, if you are writing about your own life, you probably do have a unique perspective that no one else has, but it can still be a useful question.

Are You a Good Writer or Can You Hire a Good Writer?

You either need to be a really good writer or you need to hire a good writer to write your memoir. That’s because it is notoriously difficult to get a memoir published, so the writing has to be absolutely top-notch, tight and really compelling. Even if you have a great memoir, if the writing is an up to standards, publishers are not going to be interested in it.

Are You Prepared to Toil in Vain if You Aren’t Published?

Another thing to keep in mind is that you may have to toil in vain and end up not getting published. As mentioned, a memoir is a really tough type of book to get published. Only a very small percentage of regular books that get submitted to publishers actually make it to the bookshelves, and that percentage is even smaller when it comes to memoirs.

The Bottom Line

The bottom line is that you should be really sure that you want to write a memoir before you begin. If you think that you truly have a story that other people want to read and the ability to write it, then go ahead, but be aware that it will be difficult to publish it. If you want more great writing tips and information on self-publishing a memoir, go to They have tons of great stuff for self-publishing authors

List of the Best Literary Magazines for Fantasy

List of the Best Literary Magazines for Fantasy

Do you find yourself cruising through the forest while you’re in front of your PC writing, or maybe cavorting with witches or magical beasts? It seems like fantasy writing might be your thing. That’s perfect: Here’s a comprehensive list of the best literary magazines for fantasy fiction – submit your work here if you are an emerging or established writer.

Need more markets? Check out Reedsy’s directory of literary magazines submit your work over here.

Fantasy Magazine

Fantasy Magazine advertises itself as a literary journal that’s focused on magical surrealism – and they like any fantasy stories that have a surreal, strange spin to them. If you like weird fantasy, this is the journal to submit to. Read their guidelines carefully.

Deep Magic Magazine

Deep Magic Magazine is a literary journal devoted to magical fantasy stories; this can extend to sci-fi blended with fantasy. Read their full submission guidelines thoroughly before you submit – and stay away from gore-focused torture work.

Fantasy Scroll Magazine

Fantasy Scroll Magazine is a literary magazine that publishes a variety of genres including science fiction, horror, paranormal work and, of course, fantasy.

Heroic Fantasy Magazine

Heroic Fantasy Magazine is a quarterly literary journal that publishes fantasy with a different aspect: The hero. They are looking for any fiction that focuses on stories of heroism or the hero as a main aspect.

Locus Magazine Online

Locus Magazine is a literary journal with a wide variety of genres they represent. Of course, it includes fantasy, but also includes horror and science fiction – and any combination of the above.


Aueralis is a literary magazine that focuses on publishing the best of science-fiction and fantasy stories; they also publish some interviews. They are based in Australia, though they will accept work from other authors, too.

Spark Anthology

Spark is a creative writing literary journal that focuses on publishing a variety of genres including horror, western and science-fiction – but they also have a strong fantasy presence, and will accept any stories that are blended well with fantasy fiction.

Lightspeed Magazine

Lightspeed Magazine is a literary journal focused on publishing science-fiction and fantasy; they also accept stories that fall somewhere in the middle.

Space and Time Magazine

Space and Time Magazine is a literary journal focused on publishing fantasy and science-fiction, but they also publish horror and more. They also accept poetry submissions. They have an excellent history in the genre, and have been going for 51 years and counting.

Aphelion Webzine

Aphelion Webzine is an online literary journal that publishes stories of fantasy and science-fiction. They are broad on what they’ll accept, and submissions include flash fiction, longer fiction, poetry, novellas and reviews.

On Spec Mag

On Spec Mag is a relatively new literary journal based in Canada; they accept submissions from authors all over the world, and they’re looking for strong fiction focused on fantasy and romance.



Finding the Best Coffee Maker Reviews in 2020

What You Have to Know About Best Coffee Maker and Why

Best Coffee Maker

There are numerous choices it is tricky to understand which to 20, when you go to get a coffee maker. Thus, it’s important to find a fantastic coffee maker. The issue to think about is how many people drink coffee within the workplace when it has to do with choosing the coffee maker to your office.

You’ve arrived at the spot if you are searching for the best coffee maker for your coffee requirements. Purchasing the coffee maker that is perfect can be difficult sometimes. With such a wide variety of styles, models, and features, deciding upon it can be challenging! Deciding upon the coffee maker that is ideal means deciding whether to receive one with an integrated grinder. If you would like to understand what the coffee maker for you is, you need to contemplate on your own choices. Make sure you have the coffee maker should you take pleasure in the coffee.

Manufactures provide coffee makers and include a wide-range of features, so shopping for the perfect machine is important. As an issue of fact, they are part of our lifestyle. 1 cup coffee makers are fantastic tools for coffee drinkers to start saving money and time every day. Adhere to the brand names and each morning you’ll be happy you bought a brand name one cup coffee maker.

Best Coffee Maker Explained

There are essentially four types of four types of coffee makers and the most suitable choice would be contingent on the sort of coffee-drinker you’re. Some of the coffee makers are really good and is going to lead to a purchase that is superior. In creating the perfect coffee right in the comfort of your residence handily the absolute cup coffee makers can help you.

Coffee makers’ group is so immense it can be overwhelming. If your coffee maker is faulty, or you wish to purchase a new one for the very first time, we recommend a Grind and Brew Coffee Maker as the choice money can purchase. You’re likely to be surprised to find all the brands that are available if you’re searching for the best coffee maker.

Pour vinegar in your coffee maker allow it to run through once. You would like your coffee maker to produce great tasting coffee. Here are the candidates, if you want some automated coffee makers that are. Finest coffee makers automate the process ensuring that you obtain a perfect cup each time you tune the switch on. When you’re deciding on the coffee maker for RV, list the components which are most essential for you and buy accordingly.

With all the many choices and special versions of coffee makers, it’s simple to become confused. If you might find one which works best for 29, you don’t need to buy such machine, although A fully-featured coffee maker can be extremely pricey. With consumer reviews and evaluations accessible to read, you need to have the ability to find just the coffee maker that is correct to fit your personal needs. If you’re in possession of a enormous capacity coffee maker you are not likely to need 10 to 14 cups of coffee you go to utilize it.

The coffee maker will go on to automatically set the time to grind that is essential. Although the evening preprogramming coffee makers is not the arrangement, it does help women and many men, Furton explained. There are plenty of Single-serve coffee makers. The perfect coffee maker doesn’t have to cost an arm and a leg. Picking the coffee maker is a job as the choice of coffee makers is wide.

The coffee maker is easy to use and there is not any procedure involved with the making of coffee. Coffee makers available on the market are aplenty. There are a good deal of coffee maker with grinder brands on the business.

Be certain to take a look at the warranty choices provided and factor in how much use you would like to present your manufacturer when deciding how much you’re eager to invest in the coffee maker that is proper. So it appears reasonable that coffee manufacturers would be common. Ground beans are utilized by an coffee maker and filters. Like with any product you don’t just have to by the coffee maker with grinder you visit on the internet or on the shop shelf. The standard of coffee created by the coffee maker with thermal carafe and grinder is small in comparison to the two. They lack some features at the specific time, although coffee percolators are difficult to use.

How to create a book layout?

Content is king, but it is the waste until and unless it is not presented well. If the content is a vital thing, presentation to matters!!! There are some thumb rules and set of instructions; you need to follow while creating a layout for your book.

Points to consider when you create a book layout?
– How to make your book look more professional?
– Which fonts work best?
– Is your margin sufficiently large?
– How to set the desired page size?
As a self-publisher, you need to take points mentioned above into account.

Choose size
The page layout for your book file is similar to your Points to consider when you book cover design layout?. When you choose ‘paper size’ you can change your format size in Word. (in Word). Most of the books that are not found in bookstores are printed ideally on A5 or 6 x 9 inches. Though there is no any compulsion for it and you can even print on larger sizes like A4, US Letter or a square of 21 x 21 cm.

Choose Font
If you choose a font size of 11 or 12 points, then it will be easier to read your text. Choosing a serif font typeface is also recommended. A serif font typeface has small features called serifs at the end of strokes. Letters will get more diversified with the use of such serifs and make them easily recognizable next to other letters. Serifs also enhance the readability of your text.
A serif typeface also improves the reading comfort as it guides the reader over the rules of text. Now you might understand that why these types of fonts are much often used in books and newspapers. The most well known and commonly used serif typeface is “Times New Roman.“ Still, you need top quality serif typeface, then choose for Garamond.

Determine margins
It is always advisable to keep your top, bottom, and outside margins at least 12,5mm. For the inside margins, you need to provide a little more margin because some part of your book get disappeared in the book spine. 20mm is a right and comfortable margin for the printer to place the book in the cover.

Formatting styles
In Word like, word processor software, you can make use of several styles. And further, these styles can be used for titles of chapters or paragraphs. Uniformity is the best advantage of working with styles throughout your document. You need not required continuously to set your layout choices. If you opt one of your styles, the complete text to which this style was applied, will change automatically. IT Services NYC can help you with this task.

Header- footer and page numbers
Undoubtedly, a page number is very much crucial for a book. The ideal placement for page numbers is center or bottom of the page. Rarely you find a page number in the middle of the right side of the book. So, you can easily insert page numbers where you see the ‘footer.’ You can also add a chapter reference on each page and can make use of ‘section breaks’ in the ‘page layout’ menu to add this in each header.

The Myth of Writer’s Block

Is Writer’s Block a Myth?

No one really knows what causes writers block, which is led some writers to conclude that it doesn’t really exist. Of course, for the millions of writers who have gotten stuck for days or weeks due to writers block, this argument doesn’t hold much water. But you definitely should consider the possibility the writer’s block may not be an actual thing, but simply a symptom of another problem entirely. That starts with understanding exactly what causes writers block in the first place, and knowing what sort of steps you should be taking to fix the problem. Anyway, brew up some tea with an electric kettle, and let’s look at writers block in more detail.

One of the things that cause writers block is self-doubt. Many writers experience this problem when they first start writing. They don’t believe that they can actually finish a story or novel or whatever they are working on. Even when they finish something, they do not believe that they will actually get anything published. Having the self-doubts is simply part of being a writer. But all too often, this doubt causes you to get stuck in a cycle that makes you think it’s not even worth it to write. The only cure for this doubt in the writers block the comes with it is to continue writing and prove to yourself that you do have what it takes.

Something else that can cause writers block is a problem in the story. In this case, writers block is not so much a myth as it is a symptom of the problem. For example, you may have written something previously that doesn’t make sense with what you are currently writing. You may not even remember what that is, but your subconscious mind does. Sometimes you have to go back and figure out where that problem is and corrected before you can move on. However, pro writers will tell you to let the scene go where ever it is that it wants to go, and then worry about fixing the mistakes such as continuity later on.

People sometimes get stuck because they are trying to force characters to do things that they do not want to do. In other words, your subconscious mind knows the kind of character that you have created. In fact, your subconscious mind knows a lot more about your character than your conscious one does. When you try to force the character to do something that is against his or her nature, or does not make sense in the story, then you get stuck and you feel like you are forcing it. This can bring your story to a grinding halt as well. To solve this, try consuming some legal marijuana.

The bottom line is that although writers block is not necessarily a myth, it is not as big of a problem as people think it is. In fact, you are the one that gives it all of its power. If you refuse to acknowledge the power of writers block and continue writing no matter what, you will find it has very little effect on you.

5 Ways to Save Money When Self-Publishing a Book

5 Ways to Save Money on Self-Publishing

When it comes to self-publishing, you are responsible for all of the costs that are incurred with making your book ready for the mass market. But most authors that are self-publishing do not have the kind of budget that a major publishing house does. Putting out a book properly by yourself can be expensive. That means that you are going to have to find ways to save money on self-publishing, and some of these ways are going to have to be creative, out-of-the-box solutions that you might not have thought of otherwise. Here are five ways that you can save money on self-publishing.

Use Amazon’s KDP Program

The first way to save money is to use Amazon’s KDP program. Kindle Direct Publishing is Amazon’s publishing program, and all that is required for you to be able to list your book for sale on Amazon is that you upload the book, upload the cover, and then fill out all of the relevant information about your book such as the categories that it belongs in, the author name and various other factors. Amazon does not charge anything at all for the service.

Design the Cover Yourself

Another thing that you may be able to do to save money is design the book cover yourself. If you have Photoshop, and access to the Internet, then you can very easily learn how to create your own book cover design that will rival most of the signs that you will get you hire a designer. This is not always the case, because some people are just not able to create graphic designs in Photoshop, but many people find that they are talented in this area even when they think they are not.

Do the Editing Yourself

You also may want to do the editing of your book yourself. Most authors self-edit anyway, but the trick here is to put your work a way for several weeks and then come back to when you have completely forgotten about it and have a fresh mind. If you try to edit your work directly after you have finished it, you are going to find very few of the mistakes that you have made and you are not going to be able to look at your work objectively and be able to do any sort of real editing.

Find Cheap Ways to Promote Your Book

You can also find lots of cheap ways to promote your book. One of the best ways is to start becoming active in the Kindle boards forum with your books listed in your signature. That way, every time you make a post in the Kindle boards, you’re going to be advertising your books. There are lots of other ways that you can advertise your fiction or nonfiction for very little money.

Do a BookBub Promotion

Finally, you may want to consider doing a BookBub promotion. While this will likely cost you several hundred dollars, you are going to make at least that much back and probably a lot more. BookBub is one of the best ways to advertise your book, and it almost always results in a profit.

5 of the Best Writing Competitions in 2019

5 of the Best Writing Competitions in 2019

If writing is your passion, then put your skillset to the test in an open forum. Challenge yourself by entering a writing competition in the last half of 2018. Winning a writing contest could launch your writing career to best-seller status overnight. If you have dreams of being a professional writer, enter one of these 5 competitions and take a chance at making your dreams come true.

1. The Weekly Reedsy Writing Contest

Join the community at by signing up for their weekly newsletter for writers. Each week, the Reedsy team publish a short story contest and is eligible to all Reedsy members. The competition gives you the choice of writing a short story in one of 5 different prompts. Your submission must reach Reedsy by the following Friday.

If you win, you’ll receive a cash prize of $50. What’s more, Reedsy will publish your piece in their Medium Blog, and read by thousands of aspiring writers and members of the Reedsy community.

2. The Restless Books Prize for New Immigrant Writing

This contest is specifically for first-generation immigrants to the United States. Winners have the chance to win a cash prize of $10,000 and publication of their book, or story, by Restless. The contest alternates every year between fiction and non-fiction.

2018 submission s must be works of fiction, with a minimum of 45,000 words. Consult with the Restless Books website for deadline details.

3. Words & Brushes

This competition focuses on combining the skills of artists and writers. To enter, select a piece of artwork from their online gallery. Draw inspiration from the piece and write a short story on it. Winners receive a cash prize of $350, as well as a showcase in a future publication.

There is no entrance fee for this contest and submissions must total between 2,000 and 5,000 words. The deadline for the next competition is still pending.

4. Minotaur Books – Mystery Writers of America First Crime Novel Competition

Do you fancy yourself as a crime writer? If you’re 18 years or older, enter the Minotaur Books contest for mystery and crime writers. This contest may have a dark theme, but the prizes will light up your life.

The winner receives a publication deal with Minotaur, with up to $10,000 in royalties from sales of your book. The deadline for the contest is announced in the last quarter of the year, visit their website for further information.

5. Costa Short Story Award

The coffee-giants founded this competition in 2012, as an addition to “The Costa Book Awards,” one of the longest-running book awards in the industry. Costa’s competition is popular with writers because of the exposure a winner can receive in the writing community.

Along with the global acclaim that comes from winning this contest, you receive a $3,000 grand prize as well. This contest has no entrance fee and requires a short story of 4,000 words. Check their website for details and submission guidelines.